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Vermicompost, also known as worm castings, is the end-product of the breakdown of organic matter or compost by some species of earthworms. Vermicompost is a nutrient-rich, organic fertilizer and soil conditioner ("Vermicompost" Wikipedia).

Not all earthworms can be used to cultivate vermincompost: it takes a special type of worm to produce worm castings. The earthworm species (or composting worms) most often used are Red Wigglers (Eisenia foetida). This specie is commonly found in organic rich soils throughout Europe and North America (Oliver). The first to research vermincompost was Dr Oliver, a Texas physician and surgeon. In his book, “Friend Earthworm: Practical Application of a Lifetime Study of Habits of the Most Important Animal in the World,” he describes how to harness and cultivate worm castings. His research helped farmers and gardeners develop highly fertile topsoil from earthworms that created optimum crop growth.

Worm castings are richer in nutrients and in microbials than compost produced by other composting methods("Vermicompost" Wikipedia). By being rich in microbial life, it optimizes the break down of nutrients already present in the soil and makes it into plant-available forms, i.e. it is easier for plants to receive nutrients out of worm castings when compared to other composts. Unlike other compost, worm castings also contain worm mucus which keeps nutrients from washing away with the first watering and holds moisture better than plain soil ("Vermicompost" Wikipedia).

Worm castings can be used on all your plants and produce to grow healthier plants and support a bigger crop yield. Please see our Instructions page for more information.

Oliver, George S. Friend Earthworm: Practical Application of a Lifetime Study of Habits of the Most Important Animal in the World 1941.
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